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Central Asian gas increasingly reliant on Chinese market

Central Asian gas exports are challenged by reduced Russian demand and a growing reliance on the Chinese market - just as the latter’s demand growth begins to falter

Last year was certainly a turning point for Central Asian gas dynamics. Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan long reliant on the Russian market and Gazprom, delivered more gas east to China than north to Gazprom for the first time. In 2008, Turkmenistan delivered in excess of 40bn cubic metres (cm) to Gazprom, more than 60% of its production at the time. But following pricing and volume disputes, flows fell to 11bn cm/year between 2010 and 2014. Uzbek deliveries have also been revised downwards on a near-yearly basis – signalling both Gazprom’s limited need for the gas and Uzbekistan’s struggle to meet its export commitments.In February 2015, Gazprom announced its intention to reduce gas purchases f

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